Salvador Dalí ( 1904 - 1989)


Salvador Dali was one of the most important Spanish artists of the 20th century. He was a versatile artist, not limiting himself to painting. His artistic repertoire included sculpture and he is also known for his contributions to photography, film, theatre and fashion.

Dali was born in Figueras, Catalonia. He studied in Madrid and Barcelona before he moved to Paris in the late 1920s where he met Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro. He experimented with Cubism and Dada and progressed naturally into Surrealism and his eccentric manner, his talent for self publicity made him the world’s best known representative of the movement. Surrealism is based on the belief on the liberation of the human mind, accessing the subconscious for greater artistic creativity. Dali employed extensive symbolism in his work, letting each form and colour represent many possible meanings. One of his most famous works is ‘The Persistence of Memory’, a painting of soft watches and melting clocks, suggesting that symbolically time is relative and not determined. He repeated the image of a limp watch in many paintings and sculptures like this bronze.

In 1940 he moved with Gala, his wife and muse to America only to return to Spain in 1955. He lived in Catalonia and after the death of Gala he became a recluse.

The largest collection of Dalí's work is at the Dalí Theatre and Museum in Figueras, Catalonia, Spain, the Salvador Dalí Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida, and the Salvador Dalí Gallery in Pacific Palisades, California. His work is also represented in all major galleries in the world.

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