Anthony Caro (New Malden, United Kingdom 1924 - London, United Kingdom 2013)
Anthony Caro has played a pivotal role in the development of twentieth century sculpture. He came to public attention with a show at the Whitechapel Gallery in 1963, where he exhibited large abstract sculptures brightly painted and standing directly on the ground. They engage the spectator on a one-to-one basis. This was a radical departure from the way sculpture had hitherto been seen and paved the way for future developments in three-dimensional art.